Federal Grant

Federal Grant is financial assistance from federal agency to support students attending four-year colleges or universities, community colleges, and career schools. The U.S. Department of Education offers the following grants:

Types of Federal Grants


Federal Pell Grant


For undergraduate students who are financially needy and who have not earned a bachelor’s or graduate degree 
Up to $5,550
Federal Supplemental Educational Opportunity Grant (FSEOG)



For undergraduate students with exceptional financial need who have not earned a bachelor’s or graduate degree

Up to $4,000
Teacher Education Assistance for College and Higher Education (TEACH) Grant

 
For undergraduate, post-baccalaureate, or graduate students who are/will be taking coursework necessary to become elementary or secondary teachersUp to $4,000
Iraq and Afghanistan Service Grant


For students whose parent or guardian was a member of the U.S. armed forces and died in service in Iraq or Afghanistan after the events of 9/11
Up to $5,550

How do I get a Federal Grant?

If you are a student with financial need, you are eligible for all the grants. If you wish to apply to any one of the grants, the first step is to submit a Free Application for Federal Student Aid (FAFSA). You should then consult your college or community college or school and decide how much and when you will get the financial aid.

Eligibility for getting a Federal Grant

The eligibility criteria for awarding federal aid are as follows:

  • you should establish financial need for most of the programs
  • be a U.S. citizen or an eligible non-citizen
  • have a valid Social Security number (with the exception of students from the Republic of the Marshall Islands, Federated States of Micronesia, or the Republic of Palau)
  • register (if you haven’t already) with Selective Service, if you are a male between the ages of 18 and 25
  • enrolled as a regular student in a degree or certificate program
  • good academic progress in college or career school
  • sign statements on FAFSA stating that
    • you do not owe money on a federal student grant or you have not defaulted on any federal student loan
    • you will use federal student aid only for educational purposes
A student should also have a diploma or a recognized equivalent such as a General Educational Development (GED) certificate or should have completed a high school education in a home school setting approved under state law.

For information about these criteria, talk to the financial aid office at your school.
(Source: Data from Federal Student Aid: Office of the US Department of Education)

Federal Grant Agencies


There are 26 federal grant agencies providing stream-wise grants for various programs. For example, the Agency for International Development is a federal grant agency providing financial and humanitarian help for better future. The Department of Commerce provides grants for Economic Development Administration and International Trade Administration among others. The Institute of Museum and Library Services provides help for learning enhancement and encourages civic participation. For more information on grants and how to apply for various federal grants through these agencies click here.
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