Pre-Primary Education System

Pre-school education embraces all formal and informal education before the age of six . It includes tots and toddler programs, play school, nursery school (collectively known as pre-kindergarten) and kindergarten.
Attendance at school for children under six isn’t compulsory, and the provision of schools for children under six varies according to the finances and circumstances of local communities. Most public elementary schools provide one year of education as preschool kindergarten  for five year olds, which is usually the first year of elementary school.

Type of schools providing Pre-Primary Education

  • Kindergarten
  • Nursery Schools
  • Preschool programs
  • Child/Day Care Centers
Age level from: 0 to 6

Certificate/diploma awarded: Practice varies. Certificates may be given, especially if needed, to prove attendance for entry into Elementary School.

Nursery or Pre-Kindergarten School

These schools range from schools that only provide childcare with little educational benefits to schools which focus on education generally teach early social skills including interpersonal interaction, being a part of a group of peers, and classroom skills such as following the instructions of a teacher. Some formal education also takes place, such as early reading or language skills.

Specialized methods of teaching to the Preschoolers

Some nursery schools have adopted specialized methods of teaching, such as Montessori, High Scope, Reggio Emilia approach, Bank Street, Waldorf education and various other pedagogy. Most preschools are supported by the National Association for the Education of Young Children (NAEYC). Website:

Difference between Pre-K and Child Care

Pre-kindergarten is an educational experience, while child care tends to be care-giving so that both parents can work (one parent in a single parent head of household). Good child-care programs can be just like a pre- kindergarten class as long as there are experienced, well-educated teachers who promote children's cognitive and social development. State-funded pre-kindergarten programs have set standards and are able to provide the necessary resources to ensure that every student is offered a high-quality learning environment that prepares a child for further schooling. It is therefore, essential to know how pre-kindergarten can prepare children for schooling. 

Good pre-kindergarten programs instruct children in different skill areas that they will need in further schooling. Such skill areas include learning to read, to do math, to progress in science, and to understand the world and how it works. Through pre-kindergarten programs, children are able to become familiar with books, words, language use, numbers and problem solving, as well as important social skills for classrooms (like paying attention and developing peer relationships).
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